Clione limacina (Naked sea butterfly):  

Predictions & Data for this entry

Model:  abj  

MRE = 0.146
SMSE = 0.194

Zero-variate data
ab3.5 3.207 (0.08375)dage at birth Boer2005, LallCono1973
tj 14 12.47 (0.1092)dtime since birth at metamBoer2005
tp 30 36.85 (0.2284)dtime since birth at pubertyBoer2005
am730 732.6 (0.00358)dlife spanWiki
Lb0.016 0.01729 (0.08088)cmtotal length at birthBoer2005
Lj0.2 0.2375 (0.1875)cmtotal length at metamBoer2005
Lp1.5 1.362 (0.09231)cmtotal length at pubertyBoer2005
Li8.5 7.832 (0.07861)cmultimate total length Boer2005, LallGilm1989
Wdb1.25e-08 6.065e-09 (0.5148)gdry weight at birthBoerGann2005
Wdp0.003 0.00296 (0.0134)gdry weight at pubertyBoerGann2005
Wdi0.546 0.5633 (0.03174)gultimate dry weightBoerGann2005
Ri821.9 814.6 (0.008918)#/dmaximum reprod rate Boer2005, LallGilm1989
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
LW see Fig. 1 (0.463)total lengthdry weightBoerGann2005
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalClione limacinaUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.003755cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.9961-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.475-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 291.9J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8005-growth efficiency


  • The animals hatch into a veliger larva in 3-4 days at 16 deg C. The larva is about 0.16 mm with a wet weight of about 0.1 mu g (ref: Boer2005)
  • The northern subspecies lives in colder water, matures at 3 cm and can reach a size of 78.5 cm. The southern subspecies is 1.2 cm (ref: Wiki)
  • Simultaneous hermaphrodite (ref: Wiki)


  • [Wiki]
  • [Boer2005] M. Boer. Die Flugelschnecke Clione limacina: Aussergewöhnliche Lipide als Anpassungsstrategie an den Lebensraum Arktis. PhD thesis, Universität Bremen, 2005.
  • [BoerGann2005] M. Boer, C. Gannefors, G. Kattner, M. Graeve, H. Hop, and S. Falk-Petersen. The Arctic pteropod Clione limacina: seasonal lipid dynamics and life-strategy. Marine Biology, 147:707--717, 2005.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [LallCono1973] C. M. Lalli and R. J. Conover. Reproduction and development of Paedoclione doliiformis, and a comparison with Clione limacina (Opisthobranchia-Gymnosomata). Marine Biology, 19:13--22, 1973.
  • [LallGilm1989] C. M. Lalli and R. W. Gilmer. Pelagic snails. the biology of holoplanktonic gastropod mollusks. 1989.

Bibtex files with references for this entry

Jaap van der Meer, 2011/11/20 (last modified by Bas Kooijman 2016/10/15)

accepted: 2016/01/10

refer to this entry as: AmP Clione limacina version 2016/01/10