Predictions & Data for this entry
COMPLETE = 2.9
MRE = 0.159
SMSE = 0.151
| Pseudo-data at Tref|
|Data||Generalised animal||Colinus virginianus||Unit||Description|
|v ||0.02 ||0.02617||cm/d||energy conductance|
|kap ||0.8 ||0.8455||-||allocation fraction to soma|
|kap_R ||0.95 ||0.95||-||reproduction efficiency|
|p_M || 18 ||2147||J/d.cm^3||vol-spec som maint|
|k_J ||0.002 ||0.002||1/d||maturity maint rate coefficient|
|kap_G ||0.8 ||0.8008||-||growth efficiency|
There are many natural strains of bobwhite; few domesticated strains have been intentionally developed (ref: oecd2006)
The bobwhite is distributed from southeastern Ontario (Canada) to Guatemala and in Cuba but reaches its highest density in the eastern United States and Mexico (ref: oecd2006)
Body size also increases from south to north in its native range with birds in Chiapas, Mexico, averaging 129 g, whereas those in the eastern United States weigh about 172 g. (ref: oecd2006)
Bobwhite nest in the spring with clutch sizes of 10 to 15 eggs. (ref: oecd2006)
Body temperature of 38.9 in summer and 37.7 in winter - we use the summer temperature in this entry (ref: SwanWein1997)
The entries assumes all data are performed in the thermoneutral zone. Data from SwanWein1997 which are outside of the thermoneutral zone are not included.
t-N dataset: egg ripening assumed to be around 0.7 d^-1, and that material accumulated in the reproduction buffer for 182.5 days prior to experiment - this number is based on the fact that they have on average 1.5 clutches per year.
A. Gentles, J. Surles, and E. E. Smith.
Evaluation of adult quail and egg production following exposure to
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(8):1930--1934, 2005.
H. C. Hanson.
Criteria of age of incubated mallard, wood duck, and bob-white quail
The Auk, 71(3):267--272, 1954.
F. Hernandez and M. J. Peterson.
Northern bobwhite ecology and life history.
In L. A. Brennan, editor, Texas Quails Book, pages 40--64.
Texas A & M University Press, 2007.
J. E. Jones and B. L. Hughes.
Comparison of growth rate, body weight, and feed conversion between
Coturnix d1 quail and bobwhite quail.
Poultry Science, 57(5):1471--1472, 1978.
Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation.
Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
D. L. Lyon.
Comparative growth and plumage development in Coturnix and
The Wislon Bulletin, 74(1):5--27, 1962.
A. L. Nelson and A. C. Martin.
The Journal of Wildlife Management, 17(1):36--42, 1953.
J. L. Newsted, Susan A. Beach, S. P. Gallagher, and J. P. Giesy.
Acute and chronic effects of perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS)
on the mallard and northern bobwhite quail.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol, 54:535--545, 2008.
Detailed review paper for avian two-generation toxicity test.
Technical report, OECD Environment, Health and Safety Publications
Series on Testing and Assessment, 2006.
R. J. Robel and S. A. Linderman.
Weight dynamics of unconfined bobwhite quail in Kansas.
Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 69(2):132--138,
Quail production systems: a review.
FAO (January 30, 1994), 1994.
D. E. Spiers, T. Adams, and R. K. Ringer.
Homeothermic development in the bobwhite (Colinus
Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Vol. 81A, No.4, pp. ,, 81A(4):921--927,
D. L. Swanson and D. P. Weinacht.
Seasonal effects on metabolism and thermoregulation in northern
The Condor, 99:478--489, 1997.
R. M. Zammuto.
Life histories of birds: clutch size, longevity, and body mass among
North American game birds.
Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64(12):2739--2749, 1986.
Bibtex files with references for this entry
Starrlight Augustine, Andre Gergs &Kim Ladermann, 2017/08/09
refer to this entry as: AmP Colinus virginianus version 2017/08/09 bio.vu.nl/thb/deb/deblab/add_my_pet/