Manta birostris (Giant manta):  

Implied properties for this entry

Model:  std  

Energy investment, cumulated over the embryo period (left), and allocation during ontogeny

Exploding sectors mean dissipation; numbers denote fractions of mobilized reserve. Endpoints are somatic maintenance S, growth G, maturity maintenance J, maturity or reproduction R. Growth is splitted into overhead and flux fixed in tissue. Reproduction overhead is not idicated, since it is pays at conversion of buffer to eggs/foetuses. The change in reserve equals assimilation p_A minus mobilization p_C. Wet weight W_w and total energy E_W exclude the reproduction buffer in adults. Pies link to budget pages.

Implied properties at typical temperature (12 deg. C) and abundant food
symbol value units description
z 78.78 -zoom factor
c_T 0.465043 -Temperature Correction factor
s_Hbp 0.0180102 -maturity ratio
s_HLbp 0.818466 -maturity density ratio at f=1
s_s 0.00586802 -supply stress
E_0 5.15767e+07 Jinitial reserve
Wd_0 2241.24 ginitial dry weight
a_b 915.105 dage at birth
a_p 6456.41 dage at puberty
a_99 30437.2 dage at length 0.99 * L_i
Wd_b 1903.34 gdry weight at birth
Wd_p 86496.4 gdry weight at puberty
Wd_i 327934 gultimate dry weight
L_b 14.1577 cmstructural length at birth
L_p 50.5227 cmstructural length at puberty
L_i 78.78 cmultimate structural length
W_dWm 485828 gwet weight at maximum growth
dWm 32.2331 g/dmaximum growth in wet weight
R_i 0.00125636 1/dultimate reproduction rate
N_i 33.3153 #life time reproductive output
del_Wb 0.00580403 -birth weight as fraction of maximum weight
del_Wp 0.263762 -puberty weight as fraction of maximum weight
del_V 0.298189 -fraction of max weight that is structure
r_B 0.00014928 1/dvon Bertalanffy growth rate
E_m 10832.4 J/cm^3[E_m], reserve capacity
t_starve 1531.44 dmaximum survival time when starved
t_E 1492.54 dmaximum reserve residence time
xi_WE 22.3887 kJ/ gwhole-body energy density of dry biomass (no reprod buffer)
eb_min_G 0.17604 -scaled reserve density whereby growth ceases at birth
eb_min_R 0.134151 -scaled reserve density whereby maturation ceases at birth
J_Ob 0.0872486 mol/dO2 flux at birth
J_Op 2.37976 mol/dO2 flux at puberty
J_Oi 8.05499 mol/dultimate O2 flux