Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow):  

Predictions & Data for this entry

Model:  abj  

MRE = 0.234
SMSE = 0.199

Zero-variate data
ab 5 5.697 (0.1393)dage at birthBrauHint1998
tp 90 95.52 (0.06137)dtime since birth at pubertyParrBala2017
am1825 1885 (0.03301)dlife spanGranTonn2002
Lb0.5 0.4233 (0.1534)cmtotal length at birthWang1986
Li10.2 7.815 (0.2338)cmultimate total lengthmblaquaculture
Wdb0.00027 0.0001675 (0.3796)gdry weight at birthCola2004
Wwb0.0003393 0.0008376 (1.469)gwet weight at birthBrauHint1998
Wwp0.7857 0.7547 (0.03941)gwet weight at pubertyBrauHint1998
Wwi1.429 5.27 (2.689)gultimate wet weightBrauHint1998
Ri 34 3.398 (0.9)#/dmaximum reprod rateJensKort2001
Ni4500 4865 (0.08114)#total reprod outputCola2004
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tL see Fig. 1 (0.07465)agetotal lengthParrBala2017
tWw see Fig. 2 (0.1017)agewet weightParrBala2017
LWw see Fig. 3 (0.1327)total lengthwet weightParrBala2017
tN see Fig. 4 (0.1447)time since birthcumulative # of eggsParrBala2017
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalPimephales promelasUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.03013cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.951-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 208.9J/d.cm^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.7979-growth efficiency


  • Ri and Wwi are given zero weight, due to inconsistency with other data
  • The estimate f_tN = 5.1 is not realistic, probably because Ni is too small or a considerable post-reproductive period exists


  • [Wiki] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fathead_minnow.
  • [mblaquaculture] http://www.mblaquaculture.com/content/organisms/pimephales_promelas.php.
  • [AnAge] http://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Pimephales_promelas.
  • [BoroSaly2015] G. Boros, P. Sály, and M. J. Vanni. Ontogenetic variation in the body stoichiometry of two fish species. Oecologia, 179:329--341, 2015.
  • [BrauHint1998] T. Braunbeck, D. E. Hinton, and B. Streit. Fish ecotoxicology. Birkäuser, 1998.
  • [Cola2004] M. V. Colavecchia, S. M. Backus, P. V. Hodson, and J. L. Parrott. Toxicity of oil sands to early life stages of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Environmental Toxicology and chemistry, 23:1709--1718, 2004.
  • [GranTonn2002] S. C. H. Grant and W. M. Tonn. Effects of nutrient enrichment on recruitment of age-0 fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas): potential impacts of environmental change on the Boreal Plains. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 59:759--767, 2002.
  • [JensKort2001] K. M. Jensen, J. J. Korte, M. D. Kahl, and G. T. Pasha, M. S. Ankley. Aspects of basic reproductive biology and endocrinology in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 128:127--141, 2001.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [ParrAlae2013] J. L. Parrott, M. Alaee, D. Wang, and E. Sverko. Fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas) embryo to adult exposure to decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (d5). Chemosphere, 93, Issue 5:813--818, 2013.
  • [ParrBala2017] J. L Parrott and V. K. Balakrishnan. Life-cycle exposure of fathead minnows to environmentally relevant concentrations of the β-blocker drug propranolol. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 36:1644--1651, 2017.
  • [ParrBlun2005] J. L. Parrott and B. R. Blunt. Life-cycle exposure of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) to an ethinylestradiol concentration below 1 ng/l reduces egg fertilization success and demasculinizes males. Environmental Toxicology, 20:131--141, 2005.
  • [Wang1986] J. C. S. Wang. Fishes of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Estuary and adjacent waters, California: A guide to the early life histories. Technical report, Interagency Ecological Program, 1986.
  • [Wata2007] K. H. Watanabe, K. M. Jensen, E. F. Orlando, and Ankley G. T. What is normal? A characterization of the values and variability in reproductive endpoints of the fathead minnow, Pimephales promelas. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 146:348--356, 2007.

Bibtex files with references for this entry

Julita Stadnicka, 2011/03/17 (last modified by Roland Kuhl 2017/05/17)

accepted: 2017/07/16

refer to this entry as: AmP Pimephales promelas version 2017/07/16 bio.vu.nl/thb/deb/deblab/add_my_pet/