Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard):  

Predictions & Data for this entry

Model:  abj  

MRE = 0.080
SMSE = 0.086

Zero-variate data
ab 8 8.083 (0.01032)dage at birthReMene2008
ap365 328 (0.1013)dage at pubertySilvSant2006
am2920 2930 (0.003335)dlife spanSilvCarr2008
Lb0.5 0.3595 (0.281)cmtotal length at birthReMene2008
Lp 13 15.47 (0.19)cmtotal length at pubertySilvSant2006
Li23.8 27.54 (0.1571)cmultimate total lengthSilvCarr2008
Wb0.00025 0.0002495 (0.001992)gwet weight at birthReMene2008
Wp 20 19.88 (0.006124)gwet weight at pubertyReMene2008
Wi112 112.1 (0.001238)gultimate wet weightReMene2008
Ri2300 2095 (0.08905)#/dmaximum reprod rate NuneSilv2011, ICES2012
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tL see Fig. 1 (0.05158)time since birthtotal length SilvCarr2008
LW_p1 see Fig. 2 (0.09905)total lengthwet weight Quei2017
LW_p2 see Fig. 2 (0.05852)total lengthwet weight Quei2017
LW_p3 see Fig. 2 (0.07516)total lengthwet weight Quei2017
LW_p4 see Fig. 2 (0.07491)total lengthwet weight Quei2017
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalSardina pilchardusUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.02144cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.3317-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 250.8J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8008-growth efficiency


  • Scaled functional responses in the 4 ponds exceed 1; this is possible if supplied food is more nutritious than average in the field


  • [Wiki]
  • [ICES2012] ICES. Report of the working group on acoustic and egg surveys for sardine and anchovy in ICES areas viii and ix (WGACEGG), Fuengirola (Malaga), Spain, 26-30 November 2012., 2012.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [Mene2003] I. Meneses. Estimação de Factores que Condicionam a Variabilidade do Recrutamento de Peixes na Costa Atlântica da Península Ibérica. Dissertação apresentada para acesso à categoria de Investigador Auxiliar. INIAP-IPIMAR, Lisboa, 2003. 324 p.
  • [NuneSilv2011] C. Nunes, A. Silva, V. Marques, and K. Ganias. Integrating fish size, condition, and population demography in the estimation of Atlantic sardine annual fecundity. Ciencias Marinas, 37.4B:565--584, 2011.
  • [Quei2017] 2017 Q. Queiros. Experimental data not yet pulished: 4 ponds, 2017.
  • [ReMene2008] P. Ré and I. Meneses. Early Stages of Marine Fishes Occurring in the Iberian Peninsula. IPIMAR, Lisboa, 2008. 283 p.
  • [SilvCarr2008] A. Silva, P. Carrera, J. Massé, A. D. Uriarte, M. B. Santos, P. B. Oliveira, E. Soares, C. Porteiro, and Y. Stratoudakis. Geographic variability of sardine growth across the northeastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Fisheries Research, 90:56--69, 2008.
  • [SilvSant2006] A. Silva, M. B. Santos, B. Caneco, G. Pestana, C. Porteiro, P. Carrera, and Y. Stratoudakis. Temporal and geographic variability of sardine maturity at length in the north-eastern Atlantic and the western Mediterranean. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63:663--676, 2006.

Bibtex files with references for this entry

Cristina Nunes, et al., 2013/03/22 (last modified by Quentin Queiros 2017/06/26)

accepted: 2017/07/06

refer to this entry as: AmP Sardina pilchardus version 2017/07/06