Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: ssj climate: MA, MB migrate: Ma
COMPLETE = 1.5 ecozone: MAW, MPE food: biPz
MRE = 0.178 habitat: 0jMp, jiMr gender: D
SMSE = 0.201 embryo: Mp reprod: O

Zero-variate data
ab2.5 2.53 (0.01195)dage at birthKooy2014
as57.5 56.18 (0.02294)dage at metamorphisis to stage 2red_list
aj68.5 70.13 (0.02375)dage at metamorphisis to stage 3flmnh
ap730 700.2 (0.04082)dage at pubertyflmnh
am7300 7299 (7.645e-05)dlife spanred_list
Lb0.6 0.5867 (0.02212)cmstandard length at birthKooy2014
Ls6.3 2.988 (0.5257)cmstandard length at metamorphosis to stage 2flmnh
Lj1.4 3.094 (1.21)cmstandard length at metamorphosis to stage 3flmnh
Lp 25 26.33 (0.05302)cmstandard length at pubertyflmnh
Li104 79.06 (0.2398)cmultimate standard lengthSmithsonian
Wwi8100 8642 (0.06686)gultimate wet weightSmithsonian
Ri8219 8194 (0.003065)#/dreprod rate at Lw = 200 cmKooy2014a
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
LW see Fig. 1 (0.09403)standard lengthwet weightBrug1974
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalAlbula vulpesUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.1707cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.7325-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 6.581J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.00037651/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.798-growth efficiency
k 0.3 0.3-maintenance ratio


  • Early stage 1 leptocephali lack dorsal, anal, and pectoral fins and are small, usually less than about 30mm.Late in stage 1 the nascent dorsal and anal fins appear and the larvae approaches its maximum size of approximately 63mmAt this length the larvae begins a rapid metamorphosis in which the entire body shrinks for 10-12 days until it reaches half its original length. During this transformation (stage II) the anal and dorsal fins move forward and the snout projects noticeably beyond the mandible.The subsequent appearance of scales, the lateral line, and the onset of an overall appearance of that of a miniature bonefish mark the transformation to a fry (stage III). Pigmentation and crossbands appear at about 4 cm in length, followedby the appearance of longitudinal stripes and the disappearance of the crossbands. (ref: flmnh)


  • In view of low somatic maintenance, pseudodata k_J = 0.002 1/d is replaced by pseudodata k = 0.3


Bibtex file with references for this entry

Bas Kooijman, 2014/05/03 (last modified by Bas Kooijman 2017/11/12)

accepted: 2017/11/12

refer to this entry as: AmP Albula vulpes version 2017/11/12