Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: asj climate: MB migrate: phylum:
COMPLETE = 2.5 ecozone: MPE food: bjPp, jiHa class:
MRE = 0.203 habitat: 0jMp, jiMb, jiMi gender: Hh order:
SMSE = 0.375 embryo: Mp reprod: O family:

Zero-variate data
ab 10 8.78 (0.122)dage at birthKrei1977
ts 30 28.37 (0.05421)dtime since birth at start accKrei1977
tp130 131.4 (0.01043)dtime since birth at pubertyKrei1977
am365 362 (0.008305)dlife spanCare2015
Lb0.02 0.0199 (0.004997)cmtotal length at birthCare2015
Ls0.04 0.03754 (0.06156)cmtotal length at start accelCare2015
Lp 18 20.06 (0.1147)cmtotal length at pubertyCare2015
Li 50 40.84 (0.1833)cmultimate total lengthADW
Wwb0.0092 2.692e-07 ( 1)gwet weight at birthKrei1977
Wws0.032 2.527e-06 (0.9999)gwet weight at start accelKrei1977
Wwp400 386 (0.03497)gwet weight at pubertyKrei1977
Wwi3000 3254 (0.08462)gultimate wet weightADW
Ri3.736e+06 3.603e+06 (0.03544)#/dmaximum reprod rateMacg1934
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tL see Fig. 1 (0.1718)timelengthCare2015
tW see Fig. 2 (0.1622)timewet weightCare2015
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalAplysia californicaUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.0116cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.8522-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.475-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 180.5J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.7949-growth efficiency


  • Simultaneous hermaphrodite (ref: Wiki)
  • Planktonic stage till 37 d (ref: Wiki)


  • z jumps at start acceleration (= end planktontic stage) in this species


  • [Wiki]
  • [Care2015] T. Carefoot. Nudibranchs and relatives. 2015.
  • [ADW] S. Dice. Animal diversity web: Aplysia californica. 2014.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [Krei1977] A. R. Kreigstein. Stages in the post-hatching development of Aplysia californica. J. Exp. Zool., 199:275--288, 1977.
  • [Macg1934] G. E. Macginitie. The egg-laying activities of the sea hare, Tethys californicus (Cooper). Biol. Bull., 67:300, 1934.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Michal Grossowicz, 2015/03/20 (last modified by Bas Kooijman 2016/10/15)

accepted: 2016/01/10

refer to this entry as: AmP Aplysia californica version 2016/01/10