Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: std climate: Cfb migrate:
COMPLETE = 2.5 ecozone: TAz food: biCi
MRE = 0.024 habitat: 0iTf gender: Dg
SMSE = 0.024 embryo: Tntm reprod: O

Zero-variate data
ab82.5 86.93 (0.05375)dage at birth McLeMcCa1991
tx 7 7.001 (7.798e-05)dtime since birth at fledgingARKive
tR928 855.4 (0.07822)dtime since birth at 1st brood BourCast2009, McNa1996
am1.825e+04 1.825e+04 (1.054e-05)dlife spanDOC2012
LR79.75 79.23 (0.006487)cmtotal length at 1st broodMill1997
Li79.75 80.27 (0.006568)cmultimate physical (tail included) lengthMill1997
Wwb239.3 230 (0.03876)gwet weight at birthPrinzDiet2002
WwR2350 2283 (0.02848)gwet weight at 1st broodMcLeDew2004
Wwi2350 2374 (0.01033)gultimate wet weightMcLeDew2004
Ri0.01644 0.01595 (0.02972)#/dmaximum reprod rateARKive
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tWw see Fig. 1 (0.01236)time since birthwet weightSale2006
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalApteryx mantelliUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.07763cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.5102-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 22.79J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8001-growth efficiency


  • [Wiki]
  • [ARKive]
  • [DOC2012]
  • [BourCast2009] E. Bourdon, J. Castanet, A. de Ricqles, P. Scofield, A. Tennyson, H. Lamrous, and J. Cubo. Bone growth marks reveal protracted growth in New Zealand kiwi (Aves, Apterygidae). Biology Letters, 5:639--642, 2009.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [McLeDew2004] J.A. McLennan, L. Dew, J. Miles, N. Gillingham, and R Waiwai. Size matters: predation risk and juvenile growth in North Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli). New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 28:241--250, 2004.
  • [McLeMcCa1991] J.A. McLennan and A.J. McCann. Incubation temperatures of great spotted kiwi, Apteryx haastii. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 5:163--166, 1991.
  • [McNa1996] B. K. McNab. Metabolism and temperature regulation of kiwis (Apterygidae). The Auk, 113:687--692, 1996.
  • [Mill1997] J. R. G. Milles. Northern brown kiwi (Apteryx australis mantelli) in Tongariro National Park and Tongariro Forest - ecology and threats. Science for conservation, 51. Department of Conservation, Wellington, 1997.
  • [PrinzDiet2002] R. Prinzinger and V. Dietz. Pre- and postnatal energetics of the North Island brown kiwi (Apteryx mantelli). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A, 131:725--732, 2002.
  • [Sale2006] J. Sales. Feeding of the captive kiwi. Zoo's Print Journal, 21(11):2454--245, 2006.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Carlos MGL Teixeira, 2012/07/31 (last modified by Bas Kooijman 2016/11/23)

accepted: 2016/11/23

refer to this entry as: AmP Apteryx mantelli version 2016/11/23