Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: ssj climate: MA migrate:
COMPLETE = 1.5 ecozone: MAW food: biCi, jiTie
MRE = 0.028 habitat: 0jMp, jiMr gender: D
SMSE = 0.036 embryo: Mp reprod: O

Zero-variate data
ab 1 1.035 (0.03454)dage at birthguess
am3650 3650 (7.301e-06)dlife spanguess
Lb0.1 0.09652 (0.03479)cmtotal length at birthguess
Lp18.7 18.79 (0.004753)cmtotal length at pubertySmitTyle1981
Li20.8 21.38 (0.0281)cmultimate total lengthfishbase
Wwi 15 14.87 (0.008593)gultimate wet weightGlynEnoc2008
Ri2740 2742 (0.0008422)#/dmaximum reprod rateguess
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tL see Fig. 1 (0.1094)time since birthhead lengthSmitTyle1981
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalCarapus bermudensisUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.02883cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.8006-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 17.96J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0028581/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8-growth efficiency


  • Larva develops in vexillifer with a long dorsal filament colled vexillem. This filament disappear: the long slender tenuis stage. After a planktontic period the tenuis enters their holothurian host and shrink to 1/3 of its size. Tip of tail frequently missing: size in head-length. (ref: SmitTyle1981)


  • [Wiki]
  • [fishbase]
  • [GlynEnoc2008] P. W. Glynn, I. C. Enochs, J. E. McCosker, and A. N. Graefe. First record of a pearlfish, Carapus mourlani, inhabiting the Aplysiid Opisthobranch mollusc Dolabella auricularia. Pacific Science, 62:593--601, 2008.
  • [GonzMagg2014] M. González-Wangüemert, C. Maggi, S. Valente, J. Martínez-Garrido, and N. Vasco Rodrigues. Parastichopus regalis: The main host of Carapus acus in temperate waters of the Mediterranean Sea and Northeastern Atlantic Ocean. SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin, 34(May 201), 2014.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [SmitTyle1981] C. L. Smith, J. C. Tyler, and M. N. Feinberg. Population ecology and biology of the pearlfish (Carapus bermudensis) in the lagoon at Bimini, Bahamas. Bull. Mar. Sci., 31:876--902, 1981.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Bas Kooijman, 2014/06/06

accepted: 2015/08/25

refer to this entry as: AmP Carapus bermudensis version 2015/08/25