Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: abp climate: B, Cs migrate: Ms
COMPLETE = 2.5 ecozone: TH, TA, TPa food: biH
MRE = 0.076 habitat: 0iTg, 0iTs, 0iTa, 0iTd gender: D
SMSE = 0.091 embryo: Th reprod: O

Zero-variate data
ab12.75 12.81 (0.004485)dage at birthRoon1936
tp 21 22.45 (0.06892)dtime since birth at pubertyTuZhan2012
am 63 63 (1.534e-06)dlife spanTuZhan2012
Lp 5 5 (3.99e-05)cmultimate total lengthWiki
Wdb0.012 0.01489 (0.241)gdry weight at birthClar1957
Wdp 1 0.9932 (0.006789)gdry weight at pubertyTuZhan2012
Ri11.91 11.81 (0.008438)#/dmaximum reprod rateTuZhan2012
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tW_30 see Fig. 1 (0.05507)time since birthdry weightTuZhan2012
tW_27 see Fig. 1 (0.04897)time since birthdry weightTuZhan2012
tW_24 see Fig. 1 (0.06774)time since birthdry weightTuZhan2012
tW_21 see Fig. 1 (0.1166)time since birthdry weightTuZhan2012
tW_18 see Fig. 1 (0.2921)time since birthdry weightTuZhan2012
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalLocusta migratoriaUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.02459cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.7969-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 18J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8-growth efficiency


  • Solitary form is larger than gregarious form (ref: Wiki)
  • 1-4 generations per yr in China (ref: TuZhan2012)
  • stops eating 1-2 d before mouting; no mating at 18C, no egg laying at 18 and 21 C (ref: TuZhan2012)
  • egg laying at 12.7 d at 30C, 14.6 d at 24C after instar 3 (ref: TuZhan2012)
  • A male needs during its development about 30 g of plant material to reach its adult weight of 2 g (ref: waza)
  • A female needs 44 g of food to reach a body weight of 3 g (ref: waza)
  • Egg length increases by 70


  • L. migratoria does not moult well at 18 C
  • We here assume that only the final instar allocates to reproduction


  • [Wiki]
  • [waza]
  • [Clar1957] K. U. Clarke. The relationship of oxygen consumption to age and weight during post-embryonic growth of Locusta migratoria L. J. Exptl. Biol., 34:29--41, 1957.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [Roon1936] M. L. Roonwal. Studies on the embryology of the African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratorioides R. and F. i. The early development, with a new theory of multi-phasedgastrulation among insects. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, BiologicalSciences, 226(538):391--421, 1936.
  • [TuZhan2012] X. Tu, Z. Zhang, D. L. Johnson, G. Cao, Z. Li, S. Gao, X. Nong, and G. Wang. Growth, development and daily change in body weight of locusta migratoria manilensis (orthoptera: Acrididae) nymphs at different temperatures. Journal of Orthoptera Research, 21(2):133--140, 2012.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Bas Kooijman, 2013/01/14 (last modified by Bas Kooijman 2016/02/16)

accepted: 2016/02/19

refer to this entry as: AmP Locusta migratoria version 2016/02/19