Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: hex climate: Cfa, Dfa, Dfb migrate: phylum:
COMPLETE = 3.0 ecozone: THn food: bjHl, eiHn class:
MRE = 0.224 habitat: 0iTf gender: D order:
SMSE = 0.229 embryo: Th reprod: O family:

Zero-variate data
ab4.03 4.47 (0.1091)dage at birthHayeMcCl1992
tj32.1 13.37 (0.5834)dtime since birth at pupationHayeMcCl1992
te20.8 21.31 (0.02469)dtime since pupation at emergenceSasaRidd1984
am5.4 4.931 (0.08678)dlife span as imagoSasaRidd1984
Ww00.00141 0.00103 (0.2696)ginitial wet weightHayeMcCl1992
Wwb0.00103 0.001025 (0.004745)gwet weight at birthHayeMcCl1992
Wwj5.026 4.86 (0.03306)gwet weight at pupationHayeMcCl1992
Wwe2.5 4.771 (0.9083)gwet weight of emergenceHayeMcCl1992
Ni492 531.4 (0.08009)#cumulative # of eggsSasaRidd1984
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tW see Fig. 1 (0.1671)time since birthlarval wet weightHayeMcCl1992
tjO see Fig. 2 (0.3435)time since pupationpupal spec. O_2 consumptionOdel1998
tN see Fig. 3 (0.07247)time since emergencecumulative number of eggsSasaRidd1984
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalManduca sextaUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.007998cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.6665-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 32.49J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8057-growth efficiency


  • Imagos do not feed (ref: Wiki)


  • 5 instars from birth till pupation; during instar 4 and 5 no feeding, but still allocation to reprod
  • Weight loss of larva prior to pupation is assumed to be caused by moults
  • Part of energy in imago structure is assumed to conert to eggs


  • [Wiki]
  • [HayeMcCl1992] S. E. Hayes, J. B. McClintock, C. J. Watson, and R. D. Watson. Growth, energetics and food conversion efficiency during the last larval stadium of the tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Physiology, 102:395--399, 1992.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [Odel1998] J. P. Odell. Energetics of metamorphosis in two holometabolous insect species: Manduca sexta (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) and Tenebrio molitor (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J. Exp. Zool., 280:344--353, 1998.
  • [SasaRidd1984] M. Sasaki and L. M. Riddiford. Regulation of reproductive behaviour and egg maturation in the tobacco hawk moth, Manduca sexta. Physiological Entomology, 9:315--327, 1984.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

James Maino, Bas Kooijman, 2016/05/12

accepted: 2016/06/15

refer to this entry as: AmP Manduca sexta version 2016/06/15