Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: stx climate: Cfb, Dfb, Dfc migrate:
COMPLETE = 3.0 ecozone: THp food: bxM, xiH
MRE = 0.064 habitat: 0iTg, 0iTht gender: Dg
SMSE = 0.062 embryo: Tv reprod: O

Zero-variate data
tg 21 20.98 (0.0007534)dgestation timeWielSell1990
tx13.7 14.46 (0.05565)dtime since birth at weaningBoycBoyc1988
tp13.7 14.46 (0.05565)dtime since birth at pubertyBoycBoyc1988
Wwb1.43 1.392 (0.02689)gwet weight at birthBoycBoyc1988
Wwx 9 8.763 (0.02632)gwet weight at weaningFran1956
Wwp 9 8.763 (0.02632)gwet weight at pubertyFran1956
Wwi 50 51.66 (0.03321)gultimate wet weightBale2007
Ri0.04315 0.04158 (0.03647)#/dmaximum reprod rateBoycBoyc1988
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tW see Fig. 1 (0.09469)time since birthweightGrom2016
tS see Fig. 2 (0.1177)time since birthsurviving fractionGrom2016
tW2 see Fig. 3 (0.09483)time since birthweightMigu1969
tL3 see Fig. 4 (0.04747)time since birthbody lengthBale2007
tW3 see Fig. 5 (0.1641)time since birthweightBale2007
tW4 see Fig. 6 (0.03985)time since birthweightDrozGore1972
tJO see Fig. 7 (0.08347)time since birthO_2 consumptionDrozGore1972
tW5 see Fig. 8 (0.03985)time since birthweightDrozGore1972
tJX see Fig. 9 (0.1456)time since birthcumulated energy ingestedDrozGore1972
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalMicrotus arvalisUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.08037cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.9821-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 478J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8001-growth efficiency


  • Litter weight amounts to 53,2
  • Females mature after opening eyes and while still unweaned. So called suckling maturity. (ref: BoycBoyc1988, Fran1956)
  • Age at weaning/maturity earlier for solitary mother than mothers in groups. (ref: BoycBoyc1988)
  • most numerous rodent in field ecosystems in most of europe; might reproduce all year round in favorable conditions; most dangerous pest of the field cultures. (ref: Migu1969)
  • food uptake by females increases slightly during pregnancy while it increases drastically during lactation. (ref: Migu1969)


  • There is variability in reported timing of weaning and puberty;we assume that weaning and puberty happen at the same maturity level.
  • We assume that f=1 during lactation but that it differs afterwards in the different studies;this assumption makes a difference


  • [Wiki]
  • [AnAge]
  • [Bale2007] L. Balèiauskienë. Cranial growth of captive bred common voles (Microtus arvalis). Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 17(3):220--227, 2007.
  • [BoycBoyc1988] C. C. K. Boyce and Boyce J. L. Population biology of Microtus arvalis. I. Lifetime reproductive success of solitary and grouped breeding females. The Journal of Animal Ecology, 57:711--722, 1988.
  • [DrozGore1972] A. Droźdź, A. Górecki, and K. Sawicka-Kapusta. Bioenergetics of growth in common voles. Acta Theriologica, 17:245--257, 1972.
  • [Fran1956] F.FRANK. Das Fortpflanzungspotential der Feldmaus, Microtus arvalis (Pallas). Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde, 21:176--181, 1956.
  • [Grom2016] V. S. Gromov. Survival and growth rates of pups in common vole (Microtus arvalis) litters depending on the presence of sire. Contemporary Problems of Ecology, 9:765--770, 2016.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [Migu1969] P. Migula. Bioenergetics of pregnancy and lactation in European common vole. Acta theriologica, 14:167--179, 1969.
  • [WielSell1990] H. Wieland, J. Sellmann, and S. Heise. Embryonenwachstum der Feldmaus (Microtus arvalis (Pall.)). Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 26(9):569--572, 1990.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Bas Kooijman, 2017/03/02 (last modified by Starrlight Augustine 2017/09/26)

accepted: 2017/09/26

refer to this entry as: AmP Microtus arvalis version 2017/09/26