Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: asj climate: MC migrate:
COMPLETE = 3.0 ecozone: MA food: biPz
MRE = 0.303 habitat: 0iMp gender: Hh
SMSE = 0.356 embryo: Mp reprod: O

Zero-variate data
ab 1 1.174 (0.1736)dage at birthJaspHara2013
tp 13 16.48 (0.2675)dtime since birth at pubertyBakeReev1974
am244 243.8 (0.0008614)dlife spanissg
Lb0.04 0.06133 (0.5333)cmoral-aboral length at birthMart1987
Lj 1 1.132 (0.1317)cmoral-aboral length at metamRapoNova2005
Lp 3 4.253 (0.4178)cmtotal length at pubertyReevSyms1989
Li 6 5.531 (0.07815)cmultimate oral-aboral lengthWalrLang2013
Wc00.22 0.1115 (0.4933)ginitial carbon weight of eggJaspCost2014
Wwi 50 52.09 (0.04176)gultimate wet weight Jasp2012, WalrLang2013
R781.123e+04 4469 (0.6021)#/dreprod rate at 78 mm total lengthJaspCost2014
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
LWw see Fig. 1 (0.398)oral-aboral lengthwet weightWalrLang2013
LV see Fig. 2 (0.2289)oral-aboral lengthdisplacement volumeJasp2012
LR see Fig. 3 (0.4518)oral-aboral lengthreproduction rateJasp2012
WwR see Fig. 4 (0.5163)wet weightreproduction rateKrem1976
LR2 see Fig. 5 (0.6704)total lengthreproduction rateBakeReev1974
tL see Fig. 6 (0.1278)time since birthtotal lengthBakeReev1974
tN see Fig. 7 (0.1425)time since birthcumulative # of eggsBakeReev1974
LWC see Fig. 8 (0.1746)total lengthcarbonReevSyms1989
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalMnemiopsis leidyiUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.03153cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.3911-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.475-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 109.2J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.7989-growth efficiency


  • This entry is discussed in AuguJasp2014 (ref: AuguJasp2014)
  • Data from all Mnemiopsis leidyi and mccradyi species can be combined as the genus is considered monospecific until further research is done (ref: Bayh2005)
  • There are no benthic resting stages. Mnemiopsis sp. has 3 larval stages: tentaculate (from hatching to ca. 4 mm), transition (ca. 5 - 10 mm) and lobate (from about 6 - 18 mm) distinctly different morphologies, which can influence diet composition, feeding rates and digestion. (ref: RapoNova2005)
  • After the cydippid larvae stage (= tentaculate) the tentacles disappear and the lobes are formed. Diet switches from microzooplankton to mesozooplankton (0.220 mm) (ref: RapoNova2005)
  • The species is a simultaneous hermaphrodite able to perform self-fertilisation (ref: nobanis)


  • Length measurement are either: [1] total length= including lobes (TL), [2] oral-aboral length, i.e. aboral pole to mouth (OA) or [3] oral-statocyst length, i.e. statocyst to mouth opening (OS). But there are more types of length measurements, see Mutl1999
  • The type of length measurement is not specified in BakeReev1974 (data from Fig.1, Tab2) nor in ReevSyms1989. Pers. comm. with Particia Kremer tells that it is total length (including the lobes). The length measurement is also really sensitive to whether or not the animal was immerged in water (Pers. Comm. P. Kremer)
  • There might be the possibility for larvae to reproduce sexually while they are still larvae, a condition known as dissogeny but which was only observed in LAB (and in M. mccrady by Mart1987)
  • metamorphosis (as defined by switching from V1 morphic growth to isomorphic growth) is assumed to occur at end of cydippid larval stage
  • LR-data were given weight zero because zero-reprod data distort estimation


  • [Wiki]
  • [nobanis]
  • [issg]
  • [AuguJasp2014] S. Augustine, C. Jaspers, S. A. L. M. Kooijman, F. Carlotti, J.-C. Poggiale, V. Freitas, H. van der Veer, and L. van Walraven. Mechanisms behind the metabolic flexibility of an invasive comb jelly. J. Sea Res., 94:156--165, 2014.
  • [BakeReev1974] L. D. Baker and M. R. Reeve. Laboratory culture of the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi with notes on feeding and fecundity. Marine Biology, 26:57--62, 1974.
  • [Bayh2005] K. M. Bayha. The molecular systematics and population genetics of four coastal ctenophores and scyphozoan jellyfish of the United States Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. PhD thesis, Dept. of Biology, University of Delaware, 2005.
  • [Jasp2012] C. Jaspers. Ecology of Gelatinous Plankton with Emphasis on Feeding Interactions, Distribution Pattern and Reproduction Biology of Mnemiopsis leidyi in the Baltic. PhD thesis, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, 2012.
  • [JaspCost2014] C. Jaspers, J. H. Costello, and S. P. Colin. Carbon content of Mnemiopsis leidyi eggs and specific egg production rates in Northern Europe. J. Plankton Res., 2014.
  • [JaspHara2013] C. Jaspers, M. Haraldsson, F. Lombard, S. Bolte, and T. Kiørboe. Seasonal dynamics of early life stages of invasive and native ctenophores gives clues to invasion and bloom potential in the Baltic Sea. J. Plankton Res., 35:583--594, 2013.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [Krem1974] P. Kremer. The ecology of the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi in Narragansett Bay. PhD thesis, University of Rhode Island, 1974.
  • [Krem1976] P. Kremer. Population dynamics and ecological energetics of a pulsed zooplankton predator, the ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi. In M Wiley, editor, Estuarine Processes, pages 197--215. Academic Press, New York, 1976.
  • [Mart1987] M. Q. Martindale. Larval reproduction in the ctenophore Mnemiopsis mccradyi (order Lobata). Marine Biology, 94:409--414, 1987.
  • [Mutl1999] E. Mutlu. Distribution and abundance of ctenophores and their zooplankton food in the black sea. ii. Mnemiopsis leidyi. Marine Biology, 135(4):603--613, 1999.
  • [RapoNova2005] R. Rapoza, D. Novak, and J. H. Costello. Life-stage dependent, in situ dietary patterns of the lobate ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi Agassiz 1865. Journal of Plankton Research, 27(9):951--956, 2005.
  • [ReevSyms1989] M. R. Reeve, M. A. Syms, and P. Kremer. Growth dynamics of a ctenophore (Mnemiopsis) in relation to variable food supply. I. Carbon biomass, feeding, egg production, growth and assimilation efficiency. Journal of Plankton Research, 11:535--552, 1989.
  • [WalrLang2013] L. van Walraven, V. T. Langenberg, and H. W. van der Veer. Mnemiopsis leidyi in the western Dutch Wadden Sea. Journal of Sea Research, 82:86--92, 2013.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Starrlight Augustine, et al., 2012/10/28 (last modified by Bas Kooijman, Starrlight Augustine 2016/03/04)

accepted: 2016/03/16

refer to this entry as: AmP Mnemiopsis leidyi version 2016/03/16