Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: stx climate: A, B, C migrate:
COMPLETE = 2.8 ecozone: THn, TN food: bxM, xiHl
MRE = 0.127 habitat: 0iTf, 0iTi gender: Dg
SMSE = 0.115 embryo: Tv reprod: O

Zero-variate data
tg199 152 (0.2362)dgestation time Arms1950, Haug1975
tx129 163.2 (0.2653)dtime since birth at weaningVerm1963
tp413 345.3 (0.1639)dtime since birth at pubertyLesaCret2001
am5500 5589 (0.01609)dlife spanShor1970
Lb61.2 55.02 (0.101)cmtotal length at birthVerm1985
Lp130 128.5 (0.01166)cmtotal length st pubertyLesaCret2001
Li150 148.2 (0.01218)cmultimate total lengthRawsDelg1992
Wwb3600 3998 (0.1106)gwet weight at birthVerm1985
Wwx3.6e+04 2.661e+04 (0.2609)gwet weight at weaningLesaCret2001
Wwp4.5e+04 5.092e+04 (0.1316)gwet weight at pubertyLesaCret2001
Wwi7e+04 7.81e+04 (0.1157)gultimate wet weightRawsDelg1992
Ri0.008219 0.00758 (0.07776)#/dmaximum reprod rate Haug1975, Verm1965
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tL_e see Fig. 1 (0.1874)agelengthArms1950
tW_e see Fig. 2 (0.1023)agewet weightArms1950
tL see Fig. 3 (0.02124)time since birthlengthVerm1963
tW see Fig. 4 (0.1448)time since birthwet weightVerm1963
tW_BH see Fig. 5 (0.1172)time since birthwet weightMontSchm2009
tW_SD see Fig. 5 (0.1489)time since birthwet weightMontSchm2009
WJO see Fig. 6 (0.179)wet weightO_2 consumptionRawsDelg1992
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalOdocoileus virginianusUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.1191cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.8993-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 54.39J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.796-growth efficiency


  • Slow foetal development is assumend


  • [Wiki]
  • [AnAge]
  • [TWOE]
  • [Arms1950] R. A. Armstrong. Fetal development of the northern white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus borealis Miller). American Midland Naturalist, 43:650--666, 1950.
  • [CheaMort1946] E. L. Cheatum and G. H. Morton. Breeding season of white-tailed deer in new york. Journal of Wildlife Management, 10:249--263, 1946.
  • [Haug1975] A. Haugen. Reproductive performance of white-tailed deer in Iowa. Journal of Mammalogy, 56:151--159, 1975.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [LesaCret2001] L. Lesage, M. Crête, J. Huot, and J.-P. Ouellet. Evidence for a trade-off between growth and body reserves in northern white-tailed deer. Oecologia, 126:30--41, 2001.
  • [Moen1978] A. N. Moen. Seasonal changes in heart rates, activity, metabolism, and forage intake of white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management, 42:715--738, 1978.
  • [MontSchm2009] K. L. Montheith, L. E. Schmitz, J. A. Jenks, J. A. Delger, and R. T. Bowyer. Growth of male white-tailed deer: consequences of maternal effects. Journal of Mammalogy, 90:651--660, 2009.
  • [RawsDelg1992] R. E. Rawson, G. D. Delgiudice, H. E. Dziuk, and L. D. Mech. Energy metabolism and hematology of white-tailed deer fawns. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 28:91--94, 1992.
  • [RobbMoen1974] C. T. Robbins, A. N. Moen, and J. T. Reid. Body composition of white-tailed deer. Journal of Animal Science, 38, 1974.
  • [RogeMoen1987] L. L. Rogers, A. N. Moen, and M. L. Shedd. Rectal temperatures of 2 free-ranging white-tailed deer fawns. Journal of Wildlife Management, 51:59--62, 1987.
  • [Shor1970] C. Short. Morphological development and aging of mule and white-tailed deer fetuses. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 34:383--388, 1970.
  • [SilvColo1969] H. Silver, N. F. Colovos, J. B. Holter, and H. H. Hayes. Fasting metabolism of white-tailed deer. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 33:490--498, 1969.
  • [Verm1961] L. J. Verme. Late breeding in Northern Michigan deer. Journal of Mammalogy, 42:426--427, 1961.
  • [Verm1963] L. J. Verme. Effect of nutrition on the growth of white-tailed deer fawns. Transactions of the North American Wildlife Conference, 28:431--443, 1963.
  • [Verm1965] L. J. Verme. Reproduction studies of penned white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management, 29:74--79, 1965.
  • [Verm1985] L. J. Verme. Birth weights of fawns from doe fawn white-tailed deer. Journal of Wildlife Management, 49:962--963, 1985.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Jessica Ridenour, 2012/02/23 (last modified by Bas Kooijman 2016/11/14)

accepted: 2016/11/14

refer to this entry as: AmP Odocoileus virginianus version 2016/11/14