Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: abj climate: MC migrate: Mda phylum:
COMPLETE = 3.5 ecozone: MPN food: bjCi, jiCic, jiCvf class:
MRE = 0.101 habitat: 0jFr, jiMpe gender: D order:
SMSE = 0.114 embryo: Fg reprod: O family:

Zero-variate data
Wd00.0414 0.03855 (0.06873)gdry egg weightFromRasm1991
ah 32 39.3 (0.2282)dage at hatching at 10 degreesFromRasm1991
ah_5 67 65.31 (0.0252)dage at hatching at 5 degreesFromRasm1991
Wdh0.03879 0.03748 (0.0338)gweight at hatchFromRasm1991
ab 54 54.04 (0.0006869)dage at birth at 10 degreesFromRasm1991
ab_5119 89.8 (0.2454)dage at birth at 5 degreesFromRasm1991
Wdb0.03212 0.03556 (0.1071)gweight at birthFromRasm1991
ap628 645.3 (0.02751)dage at pubertyDaviKenn2014
am4015 3073 (0.2347)dlife spanfishbase
Lp 54 55.1 (0.0204)cmforked length at pubertyDaviKenn2014
Wp3500 3433 (0.01927)gwet weight at pubertyDaviKenn2014
Li120 112.9 (0.05926)cmultimate total lengthfishbase
Wi2.54e+04 2.952e+04 (0.1621)gultimate wet weightfishbase
Ri174 170.6 (0.0191)#/dmaximum reprod rateTylePott1996
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
Tah see Fig. 1 (0.1402)Temperatureage at hatch Vels1987
tWde see Fig. 2 (0.1418)time since fertilizationyolk-free dry weightNinnStev2006
tWde_E see Fig. 3 (0.06669)time since fertilizationyolk dry weightNinnStev2006
tL1 see Fig. 4 (0.02895)days post hatchfork length DaviKenn2014
tL2 see Fig. 5 (0.005009)days post hatchfork length DaviKenn2014
tW1 see Fig. 6 (0.1542)days post hatchwet weight DaviKenn2014
tW2 see Fig. 7 (0.04489)days post hatchwet weight DaviKenn2014
tW3 see Fig. 8 (0.03097)timewet weight YaniHisa2002
WJO see Fig. 9 (0.3062)wet weightO_2 consumption KieAls1998
Wie1985 see Fig. 10 (0.1978)wet weightO_2 consumption Wie1985
u6_tJO see Fig. 11 (0.3099)timeO_2 consumption LaufWood1996
u6_tW see Fig. 12 (0.0344)timewet weight LaufWood1996
u12_tL1 see Fig. 13 (0.01542)timefork length SumpBail1991
u12_tL2 see Fig. 13 (0.0493)timefork length SumpBail1991
u12_tW1 see Fig. 14 (0.01813)timeweight SumpBail1991
u12_tW2 see Fig. 14 (0.04716)timeweight SumpBail1991
u13_tW_B see Fig. 15 (0.05743)timeweight WeatGill1980
u13_tW_C see Fig. 15 (0.08437)timeweight WeatGill1980
u13_tW_D see Fig. 15 (0.1811)timeweight WeatGill1980
u13_tW_E see Fig. 15 (0.1525)timeweight WeatGill1980
u13_tL_B see Fig. 16 (0.06741)timelength WeatGill1980
u13_tL_C see Fig. 16 (0.1665)timelength WeatGill1980
u13_tL_D see Fig. 16 (0.1769)timelength WeatGill1980
u13_tL_E see Fig. 16 (0.101)timelength WeatGill1980
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalOncorhynchus mykissUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.03245cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.6192-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 343.9J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.7943-growth efficiency


  • Many subspecies exist, e.g. O. m. irideus (coastal rainbow trout), O. m. gairdneri (Columbia River redband trout) (ref: Wiki)
  • Best culturing temp 15-16 C (ref: YaniHisa2002)
  • Able to spawn several times, each time separated by months (ref: Wiki)


  • fish base says that females mature after 3 years and males after 2. However there is no reference to back this up. DaviKlemm2014 observed that rapid egg growth occured after 20 months post hatch, so we assume that this coincided with puberty
  • mod_4: previous versions included weight and respiration as function of time for two extreme phenotypic families (large and small size and maturity respectively), from McKenPed2007. These families have different parameters and might be used to make specific entries for those families.
  • mod_5: removed the length-weight relationship that was compiled from four studies. Included starvation data.


  • [Wiki]
  • [fishbase]
  • [DaviKenn2014] J. W. Davidson, P. B. Kenney, M. Manor, C. M. Good, G. M. Weber, A. Aussanasuwannakul, P. J. Turk, C. Welsh, and S. T. Summerfelt. Growth performance, fillet quality, and reproductive maturity of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) cultured to 5 kilograms within freshwater recirculating systems. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, 5(4), 2014.
  • [FromRasm1991] J. From and G. Rasmussen. Growth of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792) related to egg size and temperature, 1991.
  • [KieAls1998] J. D. Kieffer, D. Alsop, and C. M. Wood. A respirometric analysis of fuel use during aerobic swimming at different temperatures in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Journal of Experimental Biology, 201(22):3123--3133, 1998.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [LaufWood1996] R. F. Lauff and C. M. Wood. Respiratory gas exchange, nitrogenous waste excretion, and fuel usage during starvation in juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. J Comp Physiol B, 165:542--551, 1996.
  • [NinnStev2006] M. M. Ninness, E. D. Stevens, and P. A. Wright. Removal of the chorion before hatching results in increased movement and accelerated growth in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) embryos. Journal of Experimental Biology, 209(10):1874--1882, 2006.
  • [SumpBail1991] J. P. Sumpter, P. Y. le Bail, A. D. Pickering, T. G. Pottinger, and J.F. Carragher. The effect of starvation on growth and plasma growth hormone concentrations of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 83:94--102, 1991.
  • [TylePott1996] C. R. Tyler, T. G. Pottinger, E. Santos, J. P. Sumpter, S-A. Price, S. Brooks, and J. J. Nagler. Mechanisms controlling egg size and number in the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Biology of reproduction, 54:8--15, 1996.
  • [Vels1987] F. P. J. Velsen. Temperature and incubation in Pacific salmon and rainbow trout: Compilation of data on median hatching time, mortality and embryonic staging. Technical Report 626, Canadian Data Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 1987.
  • [WeatGill1980] A. H. Weatherley and H. S. Gill. Recovery growth following periods of restricted rations and starvation in rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri Richardson. J. Fish Biol., 18:195--208, 1981.
  • [WeatGill1981] A. H. Weatherly and H. S. Gill. Recovery growth following periods of restricted rations and starvation in rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri Richardson, 1981.
  • [Wie1985] W. Wieser. Developmental and metabolic constraints of the scope for activity in young rainbow trout (Salmo Gairdneri). Journal of Experimental Biology, 118(1):133--142, 1985.
  • [YaniHisa2002] T. Yanik, S. A. Hisar, and C. Bölükbas. Early development and growth of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) at a low water temperature. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 54(2):73, 2002.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Bas Kooijman, 2014/09/26 (last modified by Elke Zimmer, Starrlight Augustine 2017/10/30)

accepted: 2017/10/30

refer to this entry as: AmP Oncorhynchus mykiss version 2017/10/30