Predictions & Data for this entry

Model: std climate: Cfb, Dfb, BWk, BSk migrate:
COMPLETE = 2.7 ecozone: THp food: biCv, biCi
MRE = 0.073 habitat: 0iThh, 0iTg gender: Dg
SMSE = 0.072 embryo: Tv reprod: O

Zero-variate data
ap1278 1257 (0.01633)dage at pubertyarkive
am7300 7300 (1.799e-05)dlife spanStumStri2006
Lb 17 19.48 (0.1458)cmtotal length at hatchingFrom1969
Li 70 63.93 (0.08675)cmultimate total lengthStumStri2006
Wwi180 196.4 (0.09129)gultimate wet weightWiki
Ri0.0274 0.02659 (0.02963)#/dmaximum reprod rateEngeFrit1993
Uni-variate data
DatasetFigure(RE)Independent variableDependent variableReference
tL see Fig. 1 (0.07461)time since birthtotal lengthFrom1969
tL1 see Fig. 2 (0.05061)time since birthSVLForsLind1996
tL0 see Fig. 2 (0.05276)time since birthSVLForsLind1996
tW1 see Fig. 3 (0.1105)time since birthwet weightForsLind1996
tW0 see Fig. 3 (0.1462)time since birthwet weightForsLind1996
Pseudo-data at Tref
DataGeneralised animalVipera berusUnitDescription
v 0.02 0.02759cm/denergy conductance
kap 0.8 0.5129-allocation fraction to soma
kap_R 0.95 0.95-reproduction efficiency
p_M 18 44.57J/^3vol-spec som maint
k_J 0.002 0.0021/dmaturity maint rate coefficient
kap_G 0.8 0.8017-growth efficiency


  • Ovoviviparous (ref: From1969)
  • Males smaller than females, especially in weight (ref: From1969)


  • [Wiki]
  • [arkive]
  • [EngeFrit1993] W.-E. Engelmann, J. Fritzsche, R. Günther, and F. J. Obst. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag, Radebeul, 1993.
  • [ForsLind1996] A. Forsman and L. E. Lindell. Resource dependent growth and body condition dynmaics in juvenile snakes: an experiment. Oecologia, 108:669--675, 1996.
  • [From1969] E. Frommhold. Die Kreuzotter (Vipera berus [Linnaeus]), volume 332 of Die Neue Brehm Bucherei. A. Ziemsen Verlag, Wittenberg Lutherstadt, 1969.
  • [Kooy2010] S.A.L.M. Kooijman. Dynamic Energy Budget theory for metabolic organisation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2010.
  • [StumStri2006] T. Stumpel and H. Strijbosch. Veldgids Amphibieen en reptielen. KNNV, Utrecht, 2006.

Bibtex file with references for this entry

Bas Kooijman, 2016/11/04

accepted: 2016/11/08

refer to this entry as: AmP Vipera berus version 2016/11/08