All options of a question can be true or false, independently of each other.
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01.01 When is an organism an isomorph?
01.02 What is the difference between strong and weak homeostasis?
01.03 What is the implication if weak homeostasis is not assumed?
01.04 The structural homeostasis hypothesis
01.05 A resting spore can be conceived of as
01.06 Do all rate parameters of the standard DEB model respond to temperature in the same way?
01.07 Weak homeostasis has implications for reserve dynamics, strong homeostasis does not. Should they switch names?
01.08 When are systems near the supply-end of the supply-demand spectrum?
01.09 What is the definition of birth?
01.10 What is reserve?
02.01 How should we measure an organism's surface area to quantify changes in feeding rates.
02.02 Does a big egg take a longer incubation time than a small egg?
02.03 What is the difference between egg and foetal development?
02.04 How can we tell structure apart from reserve in a DEB model?
02.05 Given a specified investment into reproduction and the existence of a reserve and structure compartment, what are the degrees of freedom for the production of neonates?
02.06 Why does reproduction not affect assimilation, growth or maintenance in the standard DEB model?
02.07 Do embryos and juveniles differ substantially in the following respect?
02.08 What is the definition of the dissipating flux?
02.09 What is the immediate effect of an increase of energy conductance?
02.10 What is the long-term effect of an increase of energy conductance?
03.01 Why is it important to express product formation of enzymes in terms of arrival rates, rather than concentrations of substrates?
03.02 When will product formation by enzymes be infinitely large at constant arrival fluxes of substrates?
03.03 What are major differences between auto- and heterotrophs?
03.04 What is a C-mol?
03.05 What is the difference between sequential and parallel processing?
03.06 When is it essential to measure energies, or energy fluxes?
03.07 Why is it important to make mass balances?
03.08 The single most useful measures for biomass are
03.09 When does the water content of structure exceeds that of reserve?
03.10 Is respiration a good quantifier for metabolic rate?
04.01 Why is heat production a weighted sum of di-oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production and nitrogen-waste production?
04.02 Why is the reserve flux negative during the embryonic period, and positive during the juvenile and adult ones at constant food density?
04.03 Does DNA belong to the structure, and not to the reserve?
04.04 Fully grown water fleas continue moulting during starvation. Does this observation allow to link moult production to a basic energy flux?
04.05 Is it possible to partition di-oxygen consumption into contributions from assimilation, dissipation and growth?
04.06 Can reproduction rate, expressed as number of offspring per time, be written as a weighted sum of assimilation, dissipation and growth?
04.07 Are changing food conditions more informative for energetics than constant conditions?
04.08 Why does a constant respiration, urination and watering quotient imply that reserve and structure have the same composition?
04.09 Why can the mineral fluxes be found from the organic fluxes?
04.10 Can a product of a V1-morph always disappear, rather than appear, in association with ...
04.11 Ribosomal RNA cannot belong to the reserve,
04.12 Crusts differ from films and sheets because
05.01 Can a mother-foetus system be considered as a two-reserve, two-structure system?
05.02 Glucose and fructose are parallelly processed by bacteria
05.03 What are necessary (but not sufficient) conditions for a multi-reserve model to simplify to a single-reserve one?
05.04 Why is it hard to interpret photosynthesis-irradiance curves?
05.05 Does the non-limiting reserve increase with the growth rate?
05.06 Product formation can be written as a weighted sum of assimilation, dissipation and growth in an single-reserve, single-structure model. How many fluxes must be considered in a two-reserve model?
05.07 What is the CO2-compensation point in photosynthesis?
05.08 Do plants grow during a dark night?
05.09 Why is excretion required for multiple reserve DEB systems?
05.10 How can we include an increase in heart volume in response to prolonged sporting?
06.01 Is there any difference between first-order and one-compartment kinetics?
06.02 Toxicokinetics can be specified in terms of a set differential equations for the internal and external concentrations or in terms of concentrations as functions of time. Are these specifications equivalent?
06.03 Does the growth of an organism during exposure affect toxicokinetics?
06.04 What is the definition of the LC50 for some exposure time?
06.05 Suppose that we have two toxic compounds that differ in the elimination rate, but the accumulation rate and the toxicity per molecule are the same. Do these compounds have the same NEC?
06.06 Suppose that we have two toxic compounds that differ in the elimination and the accumulation rate, but the BCF and the toxicity per molecule are the same. Do these compounds have the same NEC and LC50 at a standardized exposure time?
06.07 Do LC50s always decrease for increasing exposure time to a toxic compound in a constant concentration?
06.08 Suppose that we two bioassays on survival/immobilisation and we test a compound using guppies with a relatively small body size in bioassay 1 and a somewhat larger body size in bioassay 2. The bioassays are otherwise identical. Do we expect the same NEC and LC50 at a standardized exposure time, apart from ``noise''?
06.09 From what data are blank mortality rates estimated in the linear hazard model?
06.10 Does the observation of no mortality in the blank imply that the blank mortality rate is zero in bioassays for survival?
06.11 What is the ratio between the NEC and the LC50 at very long exposure time, given the linear hazard model.
06.12 When is death due to aging?
06.13 Can all parameters of the linear hazard model be estimated from survival data at a single concentration of toxic compound?
06.14 Given a certain toxic compound, what will be the expected ratio of the LC50.1d for 1 mg guppies and the LC50.2d for 2 mg guppies?
06.15 Do you expect effects of an increase in temperature for the NEC and for the LC50 at a standardized exposure time?
06.16 Does the NEC conceptually correspond with the highest concentration at which no effects will show up at a standardized exposure time?
06.17 The number of surviving individuals at a given exposure time to a toxic compound in a certain concentration is assumed to be binomially distributed. What does this assumption imply?
06.18 Does a certain reduction of the cumulative number of offspring per female at a standardized exposure period have a predictable reduction on the population growth rate?
06.19 Do effects on growth imply effects on reproduction?
06.20 Do effects on somatic maintenance costs imply effects on reproduction?
06.21 Do effects on feeding imply effects on reproduction?
06.22 Does food density modify toxic effects on reproduction?
06.23 How can you choose which mode of action is most appropriate in the analysis of data for effects on growth?
06.24 What is the definition of the EC50 for growth?
06.25 Are effects on population size development always best characterized on the basis of the effects on growth rate, or on that on population size at a standardized exposure period?
06.26 Why does the aging parameter have the dimension of an acceleration?
07.01 Can substrate adaptation by bacteria be modelled in a DEB context?
07.02 When does a functional response appraoch the Holling Type I?
07.03 Gut residence time depends on body size and feeding rate; yet digestion efficiency is taken to be constant. What factor gives more stringent constraints on the digestion process?
07.04 Can effects of parasites be captured by changing the model's parameter values?
07.05 Is the molar yield of microbial mass from a substrate proportional to the substrates' chemical potential at a fixed specific growth rate?
08.01 How would product formation scale with structural body mass among species of ectotherms?
08.02 Why do scaling relationships in the literature relate many variables to body weight; what makes body weight special?
08.03 What is the difference between primary and secondary scaling relationships?
08.04 Why does respiration rate scale with body weight to the power around 3/4, both intra- and inter-specifically?
08.05 Why is the Von Bertalanffy growth rate for birds larger than for mammals?
08.06 Why do incubation times increase with egg weight among species and decrease within a species?
08.07 How would respiration and the von Bertalanffy growth rate scale with body weight among species if the reserve capacity would be negligibly small?
08.08 Why is the specific assimilation rate proportional to max volumetric structural length?
09.01 What is the difference between structured and non-structured population dynamics?
09.02 Why does the specific growth rate of a population settle in a chemostat at the throughput rate in the long run?
09.03 Can logistic growth in a batch culture be explained on the basis of the DEB theory?
09.04 What possible shapes can a stable age distribution have?
09.05 Is it possible to deduce the growth curve from the stable age and size distributions?
09.06 Why do small specific growth rates increase with substrate relatively steeper for increasing reserve capacities?
09.07 Do reserves stabilize or destabilize population dynamics?
09.08 What stabilizes the algae/polyp ratio in a coral?
09.09 Why does the first offspring contribute more to population growth than later offspring?
09.10 When can we expect chaotic behaviour of a population?
10.01 Did the single-reserve organism evolve from the multiple-reserves one?
10.02 Does max reproduction increase in a new generation that switches from indeterminate to determinate growth, while keeping all other energetic aspects the same?
10.03 Did single-reserve systems evolve from multiple reserve systems or vice versa?
11.01 What is the difference between assimilation and net production models?
11.02 What is the difference between Scope For Growth (SFG) models and Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) models with respect to accounting for respiration?
11.03 Do Static Energy Budget (SEB) models differ from Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) models with respect to accounting for urinary energy?
11.04 What is the difference between energy allocated to growth, and energy fixed in new tissue?
11.05 Is logical consistency more important for models than realism?
11.06 Can pure net production models handle reserves in a realistic way?
11.07 Why does ATP not play a significant role in DEBs?
11.08 Why is it important for a model to be dimensionally correct?
11.09 Why are allometric functions problematic?